I talked to some people and there will be an EV model, the product mix hasn't been determined. Heck, we still have to have the State vs State bidding freebie/tax incentive war to see where they'll be built. Gentlemen, start your wallets!
Possibly, but they still make and use garbage trucks like that nationwide. The brake is a deadman's pedal, where you brake by raising your left foot. Brake stays on when you leave the truck. I drove an electric Yale forklift like that in the late 70's.
The vehicles used to deliver mail in rural areas with brutal winters are already usually Japanese in Canada, and I've seen Subarus used for that function in the US too. I've been having appliances delivered to my home recently, and I noticed that both Home Depot and Costco used Enterprise trucks or contractors with Enterprise trucks for the purpose. Why shouldn't Jeff Bezos do the same when it is on our nickel? The beauty of leasing is that it doesn't really matter if they rust after five years. We wouldn't own them, and I'm sure most of them would be put on the emptied ships that the Chinese used to export our manufacturing jobs and sent off to developing markets when they're returned.
I can help you with that. Burning fossil fuels in a car has a thermal efficiency of about 30%, so 70% of the chemical energy in the fuel is wasted as heat. Burning the same fuel in a power plant has over three times the thermal efficiency, because the waste heat is re-used.
Electricity produced with windmills or dams uses even less fossil fuels, and the lowest use of fossil fuels is nuclear.
The emissions are not the main reason to reduce our reliance on internal combustion engines. We make fertilizers, asphalt, plastics, medicines, paint, industrial chemicals, and an endless array of other products from oil. Almost three quarters of the oil we consume goes to fuel transportation. Using alternative energy for transportation will make this scarce resource last much longer.
The electric transmission loss is 8.7% per 1000 miles, so in reality it is a trivial amount compared to the 70% of the energy that gets wasted as heat in an internal combustion engine -- Our powerplants are spaced much less than 2000 miles apart, and the line losses are thus much less than this figure. For each one percent lost in transmission, one additional windmill per hundred would have to be built, or each windmill would have to be very slightly larger and produce 1% more.
Wind power has increased from 4 billion kilowatt hours in 2000 to 300 billion kilowatt hours in 2020 -- an increase of 7500%. It is now at about 8% of the mix, or the equivalent of 4 average US states. By midcentury the output will be many times larger. Solar power is currently less than 2%, but this is mostly due to the improvements in solar efficiency being very recent. Dams are less likely to be built -- some are in fact being removed, and nuclear may struggle to gain traction in this country, though it is expanding rapidly in China and to a lesser degree in Europe, and we all share the same atmosphere, and the same finite oil reserves.
The environmental impact of materials for windmills needs to be spread over the lifecycle of the windmills -- 200 years? Each of those windmills you see spinning away is roughly the same as a 4000 hp generator, so any discussion of the fossil fuels that go into making one needs to keep in mind how much electricity it will produce and for how long. Wave and tidal generation might also eventually become realistic, though they seem to be getting off to a slow start.
In my view the biggest worry is running out of oil, and not global warming. Look around you and count all the different products that contain petrochemicals. What do you want to make them out of when the oil is gone? And what do you want to fuel airliners with when the oil is gone? It just seems like such a waste to pour millions of barrels of this critical feedstock into gas tanks each day -- our civilization is very dependent on petroleum and we need to respect the fact that it is a nonrenewable resource.
Sheikh Zaki Yamani, the Saudi oil minister who died last week, said "The Stone Age did not end for lack of stone, and the Oil Age will end long before the world runs out of oil". Let's hope he was right -- Running out of oil before we are ready will be a disaster.