What I can tell you is that the 20.5 mm ball joints were original to the donor Cobalt and had well over 150,000 miles on rough Houston roads under their belt. Replacing them was a good idea, just not with 19.5mm units.
So, here's the deal. The 2009 Cobalt SS came with lower control arms that had ball joints riveted to them. The proper spec is 20.5 mm on the ball joint stud. The donor cobalt had 167K miles on it and I chose to replace the lower control arms to get all new bushings and fresh ball joints.
Unfortunately, most manufactures of lower control arms for Cobalts install ball joints that are 19.5mm in diameter since the majority of Cobalts manufactured use the 19.5mm size and not the 20.5mm stud size found on the 2008/9/10 SS model.
The 19.5mm ball joint stud, that I did not realize I had on both sides of the rear, induced some play in the rear suspension between the knuckle and the lower control arm. While this is most likely not a direct cause to the accident, it is most likely a contributing factor.